赌博和室内空气:赌场的室内空气质量

新泽西州大西洋城大赌场的设施总监John Lezenby,在三年前计划开幕时,他就想过一切都要做到最好。这的确是一个冒险,但他仍决定在赌场新开的人气游戏区内做到100%禁烟。

结果,因为这个举措,赌场的客人变少了,那么这个问题就严重了。

“生意欠佳时,我们就会开辟出一个吸烟区,”Lezenby回忆道:“当我们这样做的时候,我们就召集工程师来帮我们想出一个两全的方法,既不禁烟,同时又能让赌场内的客人闻不到烟味。”

AtmosAir在其附近各个赌场内完成的安装已在减少烟味以及与吸烟相关的异味上取得了巨大的成功。

Lezenby和他在世界各地的同事们一样面临着相同的问题。现今的赌场需要平衡两点,一是满足赌徒们的吸烟诉求,二是塑造一个形象来迎合那些小赌怡情以及寻求新形娱乐的人,这可不是一件容易的事情。

“人们印象中的赌场就是一个烟雾缭绕、拥挤不堪的场所,空气中弥漫着一层淡淡的雾霾,当你离开赌场回家后,还会发现衣服上有烟味残留”专门负责为赌场提供空气净化方案的AtmosAir运营副总裁Anthony Abate说道:“任何关注自身健康的人都不会对那样一个环境产生兴趣的。”

车站赌场有限责任公司的设施总监Dave Gildersleeve在他管理的19座建筑物中还发现了一个问题。

Gildersleeve说:“我们有些楼里拥有大型的会议空间,那些不抽烟的团体一旦进入楼里,就会对烟味产生抱怨。”

根据全球设计公司Gensler的负责人Beth Campbell的说法,这的确是一个问题,Beth表示她的赌场客户越来越频繁地咨询她有关如何引进新的顾客并让他们保持兴趣高涨。她认为,赌场不能单单金玉其外,他们必须同时“金玉其中”。

这不仅仅是一个面子工程。根据美国癌症协会的说法,二手烟不仅会导致肺癌和多发性呼吸道疾病,而且还与新生儿的心脏病和长期疾病有关。

难怪赌场的室内空气质量正在成为包括Lezenby在内很多人时下热议的话题,同时也是一大担忧。

Abate引用了Richard Giovanetti(赌场建造界翘楚,Giovanetti- Shulman联合公司的联合创始人兼总裁)的评论,他说赌场的成功依靠“积极正面的顾客经验”,这通常意味着客房内部拥有充足的光线,室内温度令人舒适,环境噪声适度不扰。

“时至今日,这样已然不够,”Abate宣称,“现在,吸烟被认为是不光彩的,因此必须解决这个问题。”

Lezenby也意识到了这点。

“工程师(我们在AC中曾多次使用过)也推荐了AtmosAir,”Lezenby说道。

他一开始曾表示怀疑。因为他知道有那些通过活性炭进行过滤的净化系统,而这类系统很难被取代,且说实话它们并不能处理所有烟雾。在这种情况下,采用了完全不同技术的AtmosAir引起了他的注意。这项技术被称为双极离子,将离子化的氧分子传递到空气中,这些氧分子会附着烟雾颗粒以及其他空气污染物,氧分子能将烟雾颗粒聚集起来,使它们变重,更容易被过滤。

“你没有在房间里闻到烟味,很显然净化系统奏效了”,Lezenby如此评价AtmosAir “我会四处走走,询问顾客是否闻到烟味,在99%的时间里他们都没有闻到。”

车站赌场在其几处场所内安装了AtmosAir净化系统后,Gildersleeve甚至都没有过问空气质量。

“两天后,”Gildersleeve回忆道,“我们开始听到员工和客人们的评论,他们问道‘你们究竟做了什么?’以前不是这样的,现在的空气真的很干净!

换句话说,我们留住了客人。

Gildersleeve分享到:“我们有一个特定的团队客人,他们每年举行四次会议,持续2到3周,大约有300到400人。通过使用AtmosAir净化系统,我们已经能够做到留住这个团队以及许多其他客人。”

还不止于此。

“对我们员工团队来说,这意味着更好的工作环境,这当然也是我们关心的部分。”他补充说。

所有的设计都一样,真正重要的是用户体验。几个世纪以来,建筑师和工程师为让设计达到最佳体验时将视觉,听觉,甚至触觉都考虑在内。现在他们正在学习让体验更深入,直达用户的肺部、心脏以及全身健康。

“如果赌场的设计,能够结合一个优秀的建筑和室内设计方案以及更有效的暖通系统,从而改善室内空气质量,使顾客获得极佳的体验,”Abate说道,“那么他们就能够留住一个庞大的客户群,因而反过来守住了底线。”

Gaming and Indoor Air: The Casino’s Answer to IAQ

When John Lezenby, facilities director for a major Atlantic City. N.J., casino, was planning the opening three years ago, he had all the best intentions. It was a risk, but the casino decided to be 100 percent smoke-free in the new gaming mecca.

Turns out that was a huge problem. It drove gamblers away.

“When the business didn’t do well, we opened up an area for smoking,” Lezenby recalls. “When we did that, we called in engineers to help us figure out a way to allow smoking but not have it smell like smoke on the casino floor.”

AtmosAir installments in various gaming facilities nearby were successful in significantly reducing smoke and smoke-related odors.

Lezenby was facing the same problem his colleagues face around the world. Today’s casinos need to balance the smoking gamblers’ expectations with an image that appeals to casual gamblers and people seeking new forms of entertainment. That is not an easy task.

“One often conjures a crowded, smoky environment, with a slight haze in the air, and leftover smoke-related odors on your clothes when you get home,” says Anthony Abate, vice president of operations for AtmosAir Solutions, of casinos. “That is not an environment where anyone with an interest in their well-being would be excited to go to.”

Dave Gildersleeve, corporate director of facilities for Station Casinos LLC, had an additional problem in many of his 19 buildings.

“Some of our properties have large convention and meeting spaces,’ Gildersleeve says. “There are groups that came in to the property that don’t smoke, and they were complaining about the tobacco levels.”

That is indeed a problem when, according to Beth Campbell, a principal at the global design firm Gensler, says that her casino customers increasingly ask how to bring in new patrons and keep them interested. Her answer is that casinos can’t just look good outside. They have to be good inside.

It is not simply a matter of image. According to the American Cancer Society, secondhand smoke has been linked to lung cancer and multiple respiratory diseases, but also heart disease and elongated illnesses for newborns.

No wonder Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in casinos is becoming a hot topic and a big worry for Lezenby and many others.

Abate cites the comments of Richard Giovanetti, co-founder and president of Giovanetti- Shulman Associates, a leading casino engineering firm, who says casinos’ success rides on “positive patron experience.” That used to mean well-lit rooms, pleasant room temperatures, and the right amount of ambient noise.

“Nowadays, that is no longer enough,” Abate declares. “Today, smoking carries such a stigma, that the issue has to be addressed.”

Lezenby knew that.

“The engineers (who we’ve used several times in AC) recommended AtmosAir,” Lezenby said.

He was skeptical at first. He knew about systems that used carbon filters, which were hard to replace and, frankly, could not handle all of the smoke. What intrigued him in this case was that AtmosAir employs a whole different technology. Called Bi-Polar Ionization, it delivers ionized oxygen molecules into the air, which attach themselves to smoke particulates, among other airborne pollutants. The molecules agglomerate the smoke particles, causing them to become heavier and easier to filter.

“You did not smell smoke in the room and the system obviously worked,” Lezenby says about AtmosAir. “I’d walk the floor and ask patrons if they smelled smoke, and 99 percent of the time they did not.”

Gildersleeve did not even have to ask about air quality after Station Casinos installed AtmosAir in several of its facilities.

“Two days later,” Gildersleeve remembers, “we started getting comments from our team members and guests, asking ‘What did you guys do?’ It’s not the same as it used to be – the air is really clean!”

That translates to retaining clients.

“A particular group does four meetings a year that last 2 to 3 weeks with 300 to 400 people,” Gildersleeve shares. “By using AtmosAir, we’ve been able to retain this group and many others as well.”

But it doesn’t end there.

“It’s also a better environment for our team members to work in, which was part of the concern as well,” he adds.

Like all design, what actually matters is the user experience. For centuries, architects and engineers have considered the eyes, ears, even the sense of touch in designing for optimal

experience. Now they are learning that the experience goes even deeper, to the lungs, heart, and whole well-being of customers.

“If the casino design combines a great architectural and interior design approach with more efficient HVAC systems to offer a better IAQ and give their patrons a great experience,” Abate says, “they will be able to maintain a strong client base, which in turn helps the bottom line.”

Bangkok Case Studies Show Remarkable Reduction in Airborne Bacteria with AtmosAir Solutions

AtmosAir Solutions has recently completed two exciting comprehensive case studies in Bangkok, Thailand.  AtmosAir Solutions was initially installed in one floor of a large Thai Bank as part of a trial by the bank to verify the performance of the AtmosAir system.  Pre-testing at the bank showed bacteria levels that exceeded the detectable limit of the testing equipment, over 1,307 cfu/m3 (colony forming units per square meter), amd more than 2.6 times the Singapore Standard SS 554:2009 Code of Practice for Indoor air quality for air-conditioned buildings (500cfu/m3.)

Following approximately two weeks with the AtmosAir 508FC operating in the air handling unit serving the floor, bacteria was re-tested and had been reduced by over 82% to 234cfu/m3.

Following these encouraging results, the bank decided to install AtmosAir Solutions in four additional more floors at their headquarters.  Again, in the case of one floor where the before test bacteria reading exceeded 1,307 cfu/m3, AtmosAir Solutions reduced bacteria by over 92% to 95cfu/m3.  Moreover, even on other floors where bacteria was initially lower and between 20-60% of the 500cfu/m3 limit, the post-treatment testing showed very substantial reductions of bacteria levels, holding all post-testing levels to within 30% of the Singapore Standard.

All pre and post testing was done by Safety and Health at Work Promotion Association (Thailand,) an independent indoor air quality testing company.  These results support lab testing done by both Antimicrobial Test Laboratories and Microchem Laboratory.  AtmosAir Solutions is a key element for creating a healthy indoor environment where customers and employees are less susceptible to infection.

AtmosAir登上《克莱恩》纽约商业杂志

 

Scott Frank,是位于曼哈顿的工程咨询界的龙头企业Jaros, Baros & Bolles的合伙人,他在《克莱恩》纽约商业杂志2016年7月刊上撰文“为城市中的办公室工作人员带去纯净的空气”。

Jaros, Baum & Bolles在很多个项目中指定使用AtmosAir,并且还在其办公室内安装了AtmosAir净化系统。

值得注意的是,设计公司将双极离子技术纳入空气处理机以分解挥发性有机化合物,有助于进一步提高员工的工作效率。

弗兰克回忆道:“然而,从经济角度考虑,实现这些改进具有一定挑战性。将室外的新鲜空气带入建筑物会占据空间,提高资本成本,并需要耗费能源来加热和冷却这种空气。但是,这些也能够以可行的方式进行。”通过AtmosAir,可以基本上消除霉菌孢子,挥发性有机化合物和其他有害颗粒物,同时还能节省能源费用。

AtmosAir in the News: Crain’s New York Business

 

Scott Frank, partner at Jaros, Baum & Bolles, a leading consulting engineering firm based in Manhattan, wrote the article ‘A Breath of Fresh Air for City Office Workers’ in July 2016’s issue of Crain’s New York Business.

Jaros, Baum & Bolles has specified AtmosAir on various projects and has AtmosAir installed in their offices.

Of note in the report, is the suggestion for design firms to include Bipolar ionization technology in air handling units to break down VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds), to further help increase employee productivity.

Frank recalls, “Achieving these improvements economically, however, can be challenging. To bring fresh, outdoor air into a building consumes space, raises capital costs and requires energy to heat and cool this air. But it can be done in a feasible way.”  With AtmosAir, you can nearly eliminate mold spores, VOCs, and other unwanted particles — and save on your energy bills at the same time.

空气污染影响您的睡眠质量

最近有研究表明,比起遭受较少污染的人来说,高度暴露于超细颗粒物污染和汽车交通污染(NO2)这两种空气污染的人,睡眠质量会有所下降。

华盛顿大学的研究人员分析了之前参加睡眠和空气污染研究的1,863名成年人的数据。为了解参与者的睡眠情况,该团队配备了能够测量微小动作的腕部装置,并对睡眠和唤醒模式提供详细概算。

他们发现,受污染最严重的参与者,占总人数的25%,这些人睡眠时间最短。在5年的时间里,研究人员确定,暴露于NO2(汽车交通污染)最高浓度和最低浓度的人相比,睡眠差距几乎达到60%,而那些接触颗粒物浓度最高的参与者,睡眠能力下降近50%。

AtmosAir双极离子系统将有助于提供更健康的呼吸体验,即使您在睡觉时,也能帮助您消除污染。AtmosAir将致力于在呼吸范围内去除超细颗粒物,同时分解气体污染物。

事实上,大多数美国人在室内花费近90%的时间。我们需要我们身处的环境来维持我们的生命健康,而睡眠健康则是判断一个人整体是否健康的几个最重要的方面之一。

Air Pollution and Your Sleep

New research suggests that people with the highest exposure to two types of air pollution – ultrafine particulate pollution and pollution from automobile traffic (NO2) are less likely to sleep well, compared to those with lower exposure to pollution.

Researchers from the University of Washington analyzed data from 1,863 adults previously enrolled in sleep and air pollution studies. To find out how well the participants slept, the team equipped them with wrist devices that measure small movements and provide detailed estimates of sleep and wake patterns.

They found that 25 percent of the participants who had the highest exposure to pollution slept the least.  Over the course of 5 years, the researchers determined that participants exposed to the highest levels of NO2 had an almost 60 percent greater likelihood of experiencing poor sleep compared to those who had the least exposure to these pollutants, and that those with the highest exposure to small particulates were nearly 50 percent less likely to sleep well.

AtmosAir bipolar ionization systems will help provide a healthier breathing experience, even while you’re sleeping, to help offset pollution. AtmosAir will work to remove ultrafine particles afrom the breathing range while breaking gaseous pollutants.

The fact is most Americans are spending almost 90% of our time indoors. We need our environments to sustain us and sleeping soundly is one of the most vital aspects of overall health and wellness.

真菌毒素容易通过空气传播从而产生潜在的室内健康风险

 

最近在2017年6月底出版的《应用与环境微生物学》上发表的研究表明,如果湿度够高,许多真菌会在室内的建筑材料上生长。

在经常观察的物种中,一些被认为是强有力的真菌毒素生产者。在室内环境中有此类产毒菌的真菌存在会引起一个问题——一旦其雾化后被人体吸入,则有可能会使室内人员暴露在这些有毒化合物中。

该研究调查了霉菌毒素的产生, 是青霉菌,花斑曲霉和葡萄穗霉通过其在壁纸上的生长和可能后续从污染的底物雾化生成的真菌毒素。

研究人员表明:“在潮湿的情况下,建筑材料很有可能会被有毒的真菌殖入,从而引发出室内人员会吸入真菌毒素的问题。在这项研究中,我们展示了三种不同的产毒菌种在壁纸上生长发育产生真菌毒素的过程。这些毒素随后会雾化,至少因为发霉的材料而部分雾化。雾化毒素向空气中转移需要气流速度,而这在实际生活中的大楼内就可以发生。雾化后毒性大部分附着在颗粒物上,其大小相当于孢子或菌丝体碎片。然而,研究发现,有些毒素附着在小于孢子的颗粒物上,极易于被人体吸入并深入呼吸道。所有这些数据对于室内环境真菌污染的风险评估都很重要。

AtmosAir被证明非常有效,因为它具有将可吸入颗粒从呼吸范围消除的能力,同时还能影响空气中孢子的浓度。John Oxford博士和其他研究人员都高度评价了AtmosAir分解霉菌孢子的技术能力——使其无效,无法传播。

Fungal Toxins Easily Become Airborne Creating Potential Indoor Health Risk

 

Recent research in Applied and Environmental Microbiology published in late June 2017 stated that many fungi can develop on building materials in indoor environments if moisture is high enough.

Among species that are frequently observed, some are known to be potent mycotoxin producers. This presence of toxinogenic fungi in indoor environments raises the question of the possible exposure of occupants to these toxic compounds by inhalation after aerosolization.

The study investigated the mycotoxin production by Penicillium brevicompactum, Aspergillus versicolor and Stachybotrys chartarum and their growth on wallpaper and the possible subsequent aerosolization of produced mycotoxins from contaminated substrates.

The researchers stated ‘The possible colonisation of building material by toxinogenic fungi in case of moistening raises the question of the subsequent exposure of occupants to aerosolized mycotoxins. In this study, we demonstrated that three different toxinogenic species produce mycotoxins during their development on wallpaper. These toxins can subsequently be aerosolized, at least partly, from mouldy material. This transfer to air requires air velocities that can be encountered in real life conditions in buildings. The most part of the aerosolized toxic load is found in particles whose size corresponds to spores or mycelium fragments. However, some toxins were also found on particles smaller than spores that are easily respirable and can deeply penetrate into human respiratory tract. All these data are important for risk assessment related to fungal contamination of indoor environments.

AtmosAir has proven to be beneficial due to its ability to pull inhalable particles out of the breathing range while also having an effect on spore levels. Dr. John Oxford and others researchers have commented on the technologies ability to break down mold spores and render them inactive and unable to spread.

曼谷的成功案例显示:安装AtmosAir后空气中细菌数量的降低幅度非常惊人

AtmosAir最近刚刚在泰国曼谷成功完成了2项大规模的安装。最初,为了让某大型的泰国银行检验AtmosAir空气净化系统的效果,AtmosAir为其一层楼面进行试用安装。安装前进行的空气质量测试结果表明空气中的细菌数量超过了检测设备的可测范围,大于1,307 cfu/m³(每立方米内菌落形成单位),是新加坡国标SS 554:2009“空调楼宇室内空气操作守则”中限定的2.6倍之多(500 cfu/m³)。

AtmosAir 508F在服务于该楼层的空气处理器中运行了大约2周后,重新进行了细菌测试,发现减少了82%至234cfu / m3。

 

在得到这鼓舞人心的测试结果后,银行方面就马上决定在其总部的另外四层楼内安装AtmosAir系统。在之前测试中测得细菌数量超过1,307 cfu/m³的楼层,在其安装使用AtmosAir后,经过再次测试,细菌数量降低了92%,仅有95 cfu/m³。而且,在其他楼层细菌数量一开始就处于较低值约为国标500 cfu/m³的20%-60%,经过空气净化后细菌数量也显示出了惊人的降低,所有净化后的水平都保持在新加坡国标30%以内。

所有净化前和净化后的测试,皆由一家第三方室内空气测试公司——泰国工作安全及健康促进协会来操作进行。这些测试结果可以证明之前由Antimicrobial Test Laboratories和Microchem Laboratory两大美国第三方实验室为AtmosAir所出具的实验室测试报告。为你创建健康的室内环境,AtmosAir是关键因素,能够减少客户和员工被细菌感染的几率。